Gingee under the rule of
Vijayanagar Kings :- (1400 A.D)
From the survey of books that were present during
Vijayanagar period, we come to know that Gingee was
under the authority of Kopnnarayer during the 14th
Historians hold the opinion that Kopannarayr, one of
the Generals of Vijayanagar empire helped
Kampannarayan, with a large army. In return,
Kampannarayan handed Gingee over to Kopannarayer.
Gingee under the Nayakka rulers : - (From the end of
14th century A.D. for 150 years)
During the peak of Krishna Deva Raya's power (1509
A.D. - 1529 A.D.) he ordered, Krisnappa Nayyaka to
rule a region with Gingee as its capital. He and his
successors ruled for about 150 years having capital
The Nayyaka rulers, build tall and strong fort walls
with granite, tall towers with sculptural
workmanship granite temples on the plains and brick
shrines on the peak. This architecture is similar to
that architecture in "Hampi"
Under the rule of Muhammaadans:-(1649 A.D. - 1677
There was no unity among the Nayakas of Gingee,
Tanjore and Madurai. There where frequent skirmishes
Taking advantage of this situation, the Bijapur
Sultans, who belong to the Muhammadans dynasty,
invaded Gingee at the beginning of the 16th Century
A.D. and captured it. After this the army general of
"Golgonda" , "Mirjeeva" defeated Krishnappa Nayyaka
and handed Gingee over the king of Bijapur.
Gingee under the Marathas:- (1677 A.D. - 1697 A.D)
After the fall of the Muhammadans rule at the end of
the 17th century, Chattrapathi Shivaji, a scion in
the annuls of History wrested Gingee from the
Muhammadans. Then he asked his brother " Sambaji" to
rule Gingee in 1690 A.D. afterwards it was handed
over to Rajaram in 1697 A.D.
Gingee, under the rule of the Mughals:- (1700
The Mughal General Zulfigar Khan (1697 A.D. - 1698
A.D.) captured Gingee fort after a tough fight
against the Marathas.
Zulfigar Khan, then handed over the rule to Swaroop
singh who was the army head at Bundalakand in 1700
A.D. on conditions that he had to collect tax under
the supervision of Sad-ad-ullah khan of Carnatic.
After the death of Swaroop, his son Desingh Raja
came to the throne. He hated to be a slave to the
Mugal rulers and refused to pay the tax to the Nawab.
So a war took place between Sad-ad-ullah khan and
Desingh Raja. At the end of the war, Desingh Raja by
killing himself made a supreme sacrifice to avoid
being a prisioner in the hands of Mogul rulers.
Historians say that though Desingh Raja ruled for
short period, he deeply engraved his marks in the
history of Gingee. His wife also throwing herself
into fire committed suicide to safeguard her
chastity which is considered as highly holy.
After the death of Desingh Raja, Sad-ad-Ullah khan
conquered Gingee in 1714 A.D. and ruled till 1750
A.D. for about 36 years.
Gingee under the rule of the Foreigners :- (1750
French people who came to India, for the purpose of
trade and commerce, attacked Gingee under the
command of "Puli" and his troops, captured Gingee
and kept Gingee under their control for about ten
years. During this period French People annexed
Vandavasi in 1760 A.D. and Pondicherry in 1761 A.D.
Then the Britishers under the command of General
"Coot" attacked the French Army on April, 1761 A.D.
by winning the war, they brought Gingee under the
control of the British Captain 'Stephen Smith'.
After this time. the General of Mysore, Hyder Ali
became the king in 1761 A.D. A.D. As Hyder Ali did
not like the British rule in India, he waged war
against the British many times. So the Britishers
made peace treaty with Hyder Ali. After few years,
when Warren Hastings became the Governor General of
India, Hyder Ali blamed Britishers for going against
the treaty and waged war in 1780, by moving his
troops via Polur and Vandavasi to caputure Gingee.
But he was defeated by the Britsh army.
After 1780 A.D., the southern parts gradually fell
into the hands of the British without any
opposition. Due to the political changes in Carnatic
area, the Britishers made Chennai fort for the
transport facilities and the French made Pondicherry
as their capital and started to rule Indian
In the beginning, Gingee was the place of the Jains
but later due to rule of Pallava, Chola kings,
Pandya, Hoysalas, Vijayanagara kings. Muhammadans,
Mughals and the indifferent attitude of foreigners,
the Gingee fort, which was surrounded by the granite
walls, the mandapas, the temples inside the fort,
was gradually destroyed. The Britishers did not take
any steps to renovate the fort. Today Gingee fort is
placed as a memorial in the pages of history and
also for the sake of its admirers.